LTE Training – LTE (Long Term Evolution) Training Boot Camp, (4-Days) (TR-LTEBC)

Course Information

LTE Training Boot Camp by TFS is an intensive 4-day learning experience that covers the essential elements of Long Term Evolution (LTE). LTE Training Crash Course covers the foundation of LTE, LTE RAN, concepts behind OFDMA/SC-FDMA, Overview of MIMO, LTE Cell Planning, LTE Capacity Planning, EPC, IMS, Diameter, EPC Signaling, Security, Voice over LTE, LTE-Advanced, LTE Backhaul (both Microwave and Metro Ethernet), PPE-TE, MPLS-TP and more.

TFS Long Term Evolution (LTE) Boot Camp introduces LTE and related technologies required to plan, design, implement and manage the evolution route for wireless and cellular network operators towards 4G broadband mobile networks. These courses range from basics technological overview programs to detailed engineering and design LTE courses.

TFS has been involved with over couple of dozens of LTE deployment worldwide, doing training for the engineers and non-engineers, LTE planning, architecture, systems engineering, design, implementation, security and OSS/network management.

LTE Training Boot Camp is the answer to your LTE-EPC/EPS technology needs. This innovative and intensive learning experience covers the essential elements of LTE and SAE/EPC/EPS in a nutshell by the industry experts.

Course Synopsis
Target Audience


This 4-day course provides an overview of LTE from both application and technical aspects. It gives an overview of the LTE/E-UTRAN network architecture, the underlying technologies, and call setup procedures.

This course includes:

  • The Mobile Broadband Evolution
  • Goals and Objectives of LTE
  • Interworking with other wireless technologies
  • Services and Applications
  • Migration to LTE and LTE-Advanced
  • Global LTE Radio Spectrum
  • Handover
  • Roaming
  • Security and Fraud
  • Charging and Billing
  • Location-based Services
  • MBMS
  • Voice over LTE (VoLTE) and SMS over LTE

After taking this course you will be able to:

  • Understand HSPA/HSPA+ and Migration to LTE/EPC/EPS
  • Understand how Different End User Services are Performed in LTE/EPC/EPS
  • Understand and Comprehend the basics of LTE/EPC/EPS
  • Understand LTE Architecture, Protocols and Signaling
  • Understand LTE Network Architecture and Protocols (Radio and Core)
  • Understand the Main Functionality in the Evolved UMTS Radio Access Network, E-UTRA/E-UTRAN or LTE
  • Understand LTE Multiple Access Methods: OFDMA and SC-FDMA and MIMO
  • Describe Evolved Packet Core (EPC), SAE (System Architecture Evolution) and Evolved Packet System (EPS)
  • Describe UTRAN, All IP Network (AIPN) and E-UTRA/E-UTRAN architecture
  • Highlight E-UTRA Air Interface and physical layer (downlink and uplink) functionalities and procedures
  • Highlight E-UTRA Layer 2 and 3 Signaling Functionalities and Procedures
  • Highlight LTE Radio and Core Network Planning and Design Procedures
  • Highlight LTE Backhaul Requirements
  • Describe LTE Backhaul Aggregation Network Technology
  • Understand LTE Traffic Engineering
  • Identify LTE Interworking
  • Identify the following aspects of LTE networks: Quality of Service (QoS), Call setup procedures, Mobility support, LTE and EPC Security Architecture
  • Describe Call flows and operational scenarios in HSPA/HSPA+ and LTE

Course Synopsis

LTE Training Modules (Customizable based on attendee’s background, needs and objectives)

What is LTE (Long Term Evolution)?

Evolution from GSM/GPRS and UMTS/HSPA to LTE and LTE Advanced
GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications
GPRS (General Packet Radio Service)
UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunication System)
LTE and LTE Advanced

Overview of IP Convergence in the mobile networks

Wireless Internet Basics
Ethernet Backhaul for LTE
LTE Protocols and Signaling
Overview of LTE SAE, Evolved Packet Core (EPC) and EPS
Overview of LTE-EPC Networks and Signaling
LTE and 1x/1xEV-DO (eHRPD) Interworking
LTE and GSM/UMTS Interworking
IMS Architecture and Protocols Applied to LTE
LTE and EPC Security
QoS Applied to LTE-EPC

Introduction to LTE (Long Term Evolution) and EPC/EPS

Long Term Evolution (LTE) as a new radio platform technology
Support to achieve higher peak throughputs than HSPA+ in higher spectrum bandwidth
LTE for mobile, fixed and portable wireless broadband access
Optimized for IP-based traffic
Increasing capacity
Reducing network complexity
Lowering deployment and operational costs
Enhanced UMTS Air Interface (E-UTRA)
System Architecture Evolution (SAE) and Evolved Packet Core (EPC)
EUTRAN/LTE and the SAE/EPC as the Evolved Packet System (EPS)

LTE Network Architecture

LTE Interfaces and protocols
Introduction to E-UTRAN
E-UTRAN network architecture
E-UTRAN protocols
Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM)
Multiple Input/Multiple Output (MIMO)
Architecture and node functions
The LTE Evolved Packet System (EPS)
LTE SAE Evolved Packet Core (EPC)
LTE-EPC Network Architecture
Network nodes and roles of HSS, MME, S-GW, P-GW, and PCRF
Key interfaces: S1, S5, S6, S10 and S11
Key features and services

LTE Packet Core (SAE/EPC and EPS)

Mobility Management Entity (MME)
User Plane Entity (UPE)
Serving Gateway (S-GW), PDN-GW and enhanced Packet Data Gateway (ePDG)
Role of IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS)
Co-existence and Inter-working with 3GPP Radio Access Technology (RAT)
Architecture and migration

LTE/SAE/EPC Network Architecture

New enhanced base station, “Evolved NodeB (eNodeB)
LTE air interface and performs radio resource management for the evolved access system
Access GateWay (AGW) and termination of the LTE bearer
Key logical functions
MME (Mobility Management Entity) for the Control
SAE PDN GW (System Architecture Evolution Packet Data
Network GateWay for the User Plane
Comparing the functional breakdown with existing 3G architecture
Radio Network elements functions,
Radio Network Controller (RNC), the AGW and the enhanced BTS (eNodeB)
Core Network elements functions
SGSN and GGSN or PDSN (Packet Data Serving Node)
Routers and the AGW
Overview of E-UTRAN’s Logical, Transport and Physical channels UE protocol stack
Changes in MAC, RLC, RRC, NAS and PDCP

Evolved UTRAN and Evolved Packet Core

Basic Concepts: bearers, Quality of Service
NAS (Non Access Stratum) Protocols – EMM and ESM
EPS Mobility Management (EMM) Procedures
ESM Session Management (ESM) Procedures
GTP – the GPRS Tunneling Protocol
GTP-C and GTP-u
Main GTP Procedures for EPS
Mobility in EPS
Multimedia over IP and IMS Basics
EPS Security Mechanisms

LTE/EPC Interworking

Interworking with 3GPP IP-access
Interworking with Non-3GPP IP-access
PCC (Policy and Charging Control)
X2, S1 and S11-interface protocol stacks
E-UTRA Layer 3 Protocols (NAS and RRC)
Non Access Stratum protocols and procedures (EMM and ESM)
Idle mode mobility mechanisms
NAS security mechanisms
The S1 and S11-Interface
S1 Application Protocol (S1AP) procedures
The GTP version 2 protocol (eGTP)
X2 Application Protocol (X2AP) procedures
Data forwarding and in-order delivery of data PDUs at handover
Role of SCTP and IPv6 in LTE-EPC
End-to-end signaling and traffic flow

Overview of LTE and EPC Protocol Stacks

LTE-Uu Interface Protocols
UE states and state transitions (NAS and RRC)
Radio Resource Control (RRC) procedures
Packet Data Convergence Protocol (PDCP)
Radio Link Control Protocol (RLC)
Medium Access Control Protocol (MAC)
E-UTRAN and NAS Protocols
S1 and X2 interfaces and protocol stack
NAS states and functions
NAS messaging
Network identities of UE and EPC
Connected Mode and UE States
Attach to the Network
Selection of MME, S-GW, and P-GW
Authentication and IP address allocation
Default bearer setup and registration
LTE-EPC Protocols
NAS protocol states
Role of EMM and ESM
GTPv2-C, GTP-U, Proxy-MIP (PMIPv6)

Overview of LTE and EPC Interfaces

S1: S1-MME/S1AP (eNB – MME)
S1-U (eNB-SGW)
S2A, S2B
X2 (eNB – eNB)
X2AP (X2 Application Protocol)
S3 (S4 SGSN – MME)
S4 (S4 SGSN – SGW)
S8 (SGW – PGW)
S10 (MME – MME)
S11 (MME – SGW)

LTE-EPC Signaling Principals

Network identities and UE identities
Signaling bearers
Data bearers, EPS bearers
PDN connections and APNs
Intra-LTE Mobility
X2-based handovers
Intra and inter MME handovers
Intra and inter S-GW handovers
Tracking area updates
IMS and Support for Voice
IMS and seamless mobility
Circuit-Switched Fallback (CSFB)
Voice Call Continuity (VCC)
Single Radio Voice Call Continuity (SRVCC)

IMS (IP Multimedia Subsystem) in LTE

IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) Architecture
P-CSCF (Proxy Call Session Control Function)
CSCF (Interrogating Call Session Control Function)
S-CSCF (Serving Call Session Control Function)
BGCF (Breakout Gateway Control Function)
MGCF (Media Gateway Control Function) / MGW (IMS-MGW)
IMS Signaling Protocols
IMS Scenarios & Operations
IMS Quality of Service

Overview of Diameter Protocol

Diameter and Related Interfaces
Diameter Protocol
Diameter Node
Diameter Peer
Relay Agent
Proxy Agent
Redirect Agent
Diameter Applications in EPS
Diameter in EPS
S6a between MME and HSS
S6d between S4-SGSN and HSS
S13 between MME and EIR
S13 ’ between S4-SGSN and EIR
S9 between Visited PCRF and Home PCRF
Gx between PDN-GW and PCRF
Gxx (Gxa, Gxb, Gxc) for policy control
Gy between PDN-GW and OCS
Gz between PDN-GW and OFCS
Rx between P-CSCF and PCRF
Sp between PCRF and SPR

Diameter Applications in IMS

LIA: Location-Info-Answer
MAA: Multimedia-Authentication-Answer
MAR: Multimedia-Authentication-Request
PPA: Push-Profile-Answer
PPR: Push-Profile-Request
RTA: Registration-Termination-Request
RTR: Registration-Termination-Request
SAA: Server-Assignment-Answer
SAR: Server-Assignment-Request
UAA: User-Authorization-Answer
UAR: User-Authorization-Request

LTE Operations and Procedures

System acquisition
Idle mode operations
Cell search and random access
RRC connection establishment
Traffic operations in DL & UL
Bearer setup and handover
Power control
LTE/SAE signaling
EPC (MME) registration
Security procedures

LTE Planning and Optimization

Traffic and QoS considerations
Security considerations
Capacity planning considerations
Planning tools
Antenna selections
Site location and integration

Ethernet Backhaul for LTE

Wireless Networks Backhaul Overview
GigE and Metro Ethernet
Ethernet Backhaul for LTE
Carrier Ethernet in IP Backhaul
Circuit Emulation (CESoE) and Circuit Bonding
LTE Backhaul Evolution Scenario
LTE Backhaul Capacity Planning

QoS Applied to LTE-EPC

General Requirements for LTE QoS
End User Requirements for QoS
LTE End-to-End QoS Architecture
LTE Service Establishment and QoS
LTE QoS Parameters
The class of QoS
Guaranteed Bit Rate (GBR)
Level of latency (delays in packet transmission)
Jitter (variation in latency)
Dropped packets
EPS bearers, SDFs and TFTs
PCC Architecture
Service based Local Policy (SBLP)
Policy Control Function (PCF)
Technical Requirements for LTE QoS
LTE Bearer Service Attributes
Mapping QoS to LTE Services

PCC (Policy and Charging Control

PCC architecture
Policy and Charging Control Architecture
Policy and Charging Rules Function – PCRF
Subscriber Profile Repository (SPR)
Application Function (AF)
Policy and Charging Enforcement Function (PCEF)
Gx, Rx and Sp interfaces
Policy Control
QoS handling and authorization
Charging Control
Roaming Scenarios and the S9 interface

LTE and EPC Security

LTE Security Architecture
UMTS and HSPA/HSPA+ Security Features
Security in E-UTRAN
Security in EPC/EPS
Authentication and Key Management (AKA)
AKA Algorithms
LTE Security Procedures

Overview of LTE Air Interface; Overview of OFDM and MIMO

LTE Air Interface
Basics of OFDM and OFDMA
Basics of SC-OFDMA
LTE Antenna Considerations
Principles of MIMO
Radio Resource Management requirements
The eNB host functions
Radio Resource Management
Radio Bearer Control
Radio Admission Control
Connection Mobility Control
Dynamic Resource Allocation (scheduling)

LTE RF Planning and Design

Overview of LTE Radio Network Design and Engineering
Link Budget for LTE
LTE Capacity Planning
LTE Design and Site Selection
LTE Configuration Parameters
LTE Operational Parameters
KPIs in LTE Radio Network

LTE Backhaul Requirements

LTE Services
LTE User Download Speeds
Estimated Net LTE User Data Peak Rates
LTE Cell Site Backhaul Requirements
Topologies for LTE Backhaul
Hub and Spoke
Tree/Tiered Networks
Mesh And Ring Networks
Ring Network Topology
LTE Capacity Planning Models
Statistical Traffic Distribution
Traffic Dimensioning
Traffic Asymmetry

LTE Backhaul Aggregation Network Technology

Microwave wireless
QoS support
Backhaul migration
IP/Ethernet backhaul
Phased migration options
Backhaul Evolution Strategies for LTE Operators
Intelligent mobile core platform
Metro IP edge router platform and
Intelligent network management system
IP/MPLS-based backhaul platform
IP/GMPLS-based backhaul platform

Overview of LTE-Advanced

IMT-Advanced by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
LTE-Advanced in 3GPP in Release 10
LTE-Advanced to qualify as IMT-Advanced/4G
LTE-Advanced as a further evolution of LTE, an OFDMA-based technology, specified in Release 8 and 9
Evolution of current OFDMA approaches
High-order MIMO (e.g., 4X4)
Wider radio channels (e.g., 50 to 100 MHz)
Optimization in narrower bands (e.g., less than 20 MHz) due to spectrum constraints in some deployments
Multi-channel operation in either same or different frequency bands
Ability to share bands with other services
IMT-2000 and IMT-Advanced
450 MHz band
UHF band (689-960 MHz)
2.3 GHz band
C-band (3 400-4 200 MHz

Target Audience

This course is designed for engineersnon-engineers and professionals who need a through understanding of LTE, EPC, Services, Protocols, RF and Core Planning and Design, Backhaul, Capacity Planning, QoS, Security, VoLTE and LTE-Advanced.

Hands-On Labs

No Labs are required in this course.


Certificate: LTE Training Boot Camp– TFS – (TC-LTEBC)

Identifies you as a technician who understands the basic concepts of fiber optics installation and service as they apply to all the functions required to safely and competently install fiber optics communications cabling.


Note: Additional fees may apply. The available locations for this course are visible in the Schedule section.

Description Item Code Price
LTE Training Boot Camp – LTE Training for Non-Engineers training course provides a high-level view of LTE (Long Term Evolution) and its related technologies. This course is intended for managers, business professional and non-engineers who need to understand LTE and evolution of the mobile broadband to 4G. You’ll gain a clear, cohesive understanding of LTE, SAE/EPC, OFDM, MIMO, VoLTE, IMS and from LTE fundamentals to the latest LTE technologies and services and how everything fits together. TR-LTEBC $3,995.00
Certificate: LTEBC – TFS – Identifies you as a technician who understands the basic concepts of fiber optics installation and service as they apply to all the functions required to safely and competently install fiber optics communications cabling.Item Type: Installer Training Certificates TC-LTEBC $150.00

Schedule & Registration

Jan 21 – Jan 24, 2020 Quakertown, PA $4,149.00
May 4 – May 7, 2020 Quakertown, PA $4,149.00
Jul 20 – Jul 23, 2020 Quakertown, PA $4,149.00
Nov 16 – Nov 19, 2020 Quakertown, PA $4,149.00

Online Student Information Form

Please fill out the form below to begin the registration process. After you submit the form, a sales associate will reach out to you to complete your registration.

Planning & Reservations

Contact the Training and Development Coordinator for The Fiber School at or call 877.529.9114.

Student Registration Use the Registration Form above or download the editable PDF and email to

>> Registration Form PDF:

Cancellation Policy: may cancel a course that lacks sufficient enrollment a week before it is scheduled to begin. When a course is canceled, we make every effort to notify all registered students promptly. A full refund is processed unless the student elects to transfer to another course or time. You can help avoid cancellation by registering early.

Student Cancellation: No refunds are permitted for student cancellation. Substitutions are permitted.

On-Site Training

With just 5 or more students The Fiber School can send the classroom to you! We offer custom, on-site training for any of our courses. Just give us a call at 877.529.9114 or email us at and let us schedule an on-site course that perfectly suits your needs.